Approximately eight million Americans own long-term care (nursing home) insurance, purchased to help cover the escalating costs of long-term nursing care – whether in-home care, assisted living, or nursing home care. These long-term types of nursing care usually are not covered by Medicare or Medicaid.
According to a recent article in The Wall Street Journal (The Latest Long-Term Care Snafu), however, some families are encountering claims-denials that can prevent or delay the collection of benefits.
If you have purchased a long-term care insurance policy, there are steps you can take to help avoid this problem. Most importantly, be sure to re-read your policy’s fine print before hiring a caregiver or entering a facility. In some cases, it also may make sense to get an agent or geriatric-care manager to help in preparing your claims.
Be particularly vigilant if the policy was purchased before 1997. Older policies often include requirements such as a three-day hospital stay before they will pay for nursing home care. These types of stipulations can exclude many people for receiving care, especially those who are physically healthy, but still require care, such as Alzheimer’s patients.
Federal law requires tax-qualified long-term care contracts issued since 1997 to pay benefits under two conditions: when policyholders are unable to perform two out of six basic “activities of daily living,” such as dressing or bathing, or when they have a cognitive impairment requiring “substantial supervision.” For virtually all policies sold today, a health-care professional, such as a doctor or nurse, must certify that the disability is expected to last at least 90 days.
To learn more, be sure to watch our video series on avoiding nursing home poverty, and check out our free consumers’ guides, we have guides on asset protection and nursing home planning to Alzheimer’s guides to veteran’s benefits. Or to learn more and have your questions answered in person, attend a free estate planning and asset protection workshop.